Loyalty is faithfulness and a devotion to a person, country, group, or cause. Philosophers disagree on what can be an object of loyalty as some argue that loyalty is strictly interpersonal and only other human being can be the object of loyalty.
John Kleinig, professor of Philosophy at City University of New York, observes that over the years the idea has been treated by writers from Aeschylus through John Galsworthy to Joseph Conrad, by psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, scholars of religion, political economists, scholars of business and marketing, and—most particularly—by political theorists, who deal with it in terms of loyalty oaths and patriotism. As a philosophical concept, loyalty was largely untreated by philosophers until the work of Josiah Royce, the "grand exception" in Kleinig's words. John Ladd, professor of Philosophy at Brown University, writing in the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Philosophy in 1967, observes that by that time the subject had received "scant attention in philosophical literature". This he attributed to "odious" associations that the subject had with nationalism, including Nazism, and with the metaphysics of idealism, which he characterized as "obsolete". He argued that such associations were, however, faulty, and that the notion of loyalty is "an essential ingredient in any civilized and humane system of morals". Kleinig observes that from the 1980s onwards, the subject gained attention, with philosophers variously relating it to professional ethics, whistleblowing, friendship, and virtue theory.
Loyalty is the seventh film of the British TV film series Hornblower, based on the books by C.S. Forester, particularly Hornblower and the Hotspur. It was released on January 5, 2003, nearly four years after the first four films and 9 months after the next two films.
The film starts out in 1803 in Cape Clear, Ireland, where the HMS Retribution, commanded by Commander Hornblower, has retaken the HMS Hotspur from the French. Amongst the French is a rebellious Irishman, who served on board the HMS Victory. Near the end of the fighting, Matthews and Styles spot a cutter sailing towards the HMS Hotspur, with news that the war with France is over. The peace lasts a year and the sailors and officers of the Royal Navy languish on half pay, unaware the French leader Napoleon is making plans across the channel.
"Loyalty" (alternate titles: "Puntland" and "Artifice") is the two-part season premiere episode and is the first and second episodes of the ninth season (as well as the 172nd and 173rd episodes) of Law & Order: Criminal Intent.
On the ocean near the coast of Somalia, arms dealer Taras Broidy (Ramsey Faragallah) leads a heavily armed boat full of wealthy tourists on a "safari" to target African pirate vessels. He points out an approaching vessel and allows his passengers to blow it apart, claiming to have information that it is crewed by pirates; in reality, it is manned by a tribal sheikh and his new bride. News of the sheikh's death soon reaches two of his children, Hassan (Ato Essandoh) and his sister Kadra (Condola Rashad), in Manhattan as Broidy, Roy Loftin (David Pittu), and Jan Van Dekker (John Sharian) celebrate the completion of a carefully laid plan. With the sheikh gone, they are free to proceed with an arms deal and establish a private police force under their control in the Horn of Africa. Loftin has recruited Danny Ross for the scheme. After a night of celebration, Broidy and his mistress Marya (Ewa Da Cruz) both wash up, shot through the head, under the Brooklyn Bridge.